Breast cancer develops in the cells of the breasts. After skin cancer, it is the most prevalent cancer diagnosis in women. It can occur in both men and women, but it's more well-known/happens in women.
Breast cancer types
Ductal carcinoma in situ: The cancer cells are limited to the ducts in your breast and haven't invaded the surrounding breast tissue.
Lobular carcinoma in situ: Cancer develops in the milk-producing glands of your breast. Like DCIS, the cancer cells haven't overrun the surrounding tissue.
Invasive ductal carcinoma: Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) is the most familiar type of breast cancer. This type of cancer originates in your breast's milk ducts and then attacks nearby tissue in the breast.
Invasive lobular carcinoma: Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) first occurs in your breast's lobules and invades nearby tissue.
Breast cancer causes
Doctors know that breast cancer happens when some breast cells start to grow abnormally. These cells deal more rapidly than healthy cells and proceed to accumulate, creating a lump or mass.
Cells may develop through your breast to your lymph nodes or other parts of your body. Most frequently begins with cells in the milk-producing ducts.
Researchers have recognized hormonal, lifestyle, and environmental circumstances that may increase your risk. But it's not apparent why some people who have no risk portions develop cancer, yet other people with risk representatives never do.
Breast cancer causes are likely caused by a complex communication of your hereditary makeup and your environment.
Breast cancer symptoms
Each type of breast cancer can produce a variety of symptoms. Many of these symptoms are similar, but some can be different. Signs for the most common breast cancers include:
a breast lump or tissue thickening that seems other than the surrounding tissue and has originated freshly
red, pitted skin over your whole breast
swelling in fundamental or part of your breast
a nipple release other than breast milk
bloody outflow from your nipple
peeling, scaling, or flaking of skin on your nipple or bust
an immediate, unexplained variation in the shape or size of your breast
modifications to the appearance of the skin on your breasts
a lump or swelling under your arm
Breast exam. Your doctor will check both of your breasts and lymph nodes in your armpit, feeling for any lumps or other abnormalities.
Mammogram. A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast. Mammograms are commonly used to screen for breast cancer.
Breast ultrasound. Ultrasound uses sound waves to produce images of structures deep within the body.
Removing a sample of breast cells for testing (biopsy). A biopsy is the only definitive way to make a diagnosis of breast cancer. During a biopsy, your doctor uses a specialized needle device guided by X-ray or another imaging test to extract a core of tissue from the suspicious area.
Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). An MRI machine uses a magnet and radio waves to create pictures of the interior of your breast.
Your doctor determines your breast cancer treatment options based on your type of breast cancer, its stage and grade, size, and whether the cancer cells are sensitive to hormones. Your doctor also considers your overall health and your preferences.
Most women undergo surgery/ treatment drugs for breast cancer and may also receive additional treatment after surgery, such as chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or radiation. Chemotherapy might also be used before surgery in certain situations.
There are many options for breast cancer treatment, and you may feel overwhelmed as you make complex decisions about your treatment. Consider seeking a second opinion from a breast specialist in a breast center or clinic. Talk to other women who have faced the same decision.