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What is cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer in the cervix's cells — the lower part of the uterus connects to the vagina. Various strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, play a role in causing most cervical cancer.

You can reduce your risk of developing cervical cancer by having screening tests and receiving a vaccine that protects against HPV infection.

What are the types of cervical cancer?

The type of cervical cancer that you have helps determine your prognosis and treatment. The main types of cervical cancer are:

What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?

Early-stage cervical cancer generally produces no signs or symptoms. Signs and symptoms of more-advanced cervical cancer include:

What causes cervical cancer?

How is cervical cancer diagnosed?

During the colposcopic examination, your doctor will likely take a sample of cervical cells (biopsy) for laboratory testing. To obtain tissue, your doctor may use: If the punch biopsy or endocervical curettage is worrisome, your doctor may perform one of the following tests:

How is cervical cancer managed or treated?

Treatment for cervical cancer depends on several factors, such as the stage of cancer, other health problems you may have, and your preferences. Surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or a combination of the three may be used.

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